What is Deep Cleaning?

Deep cleaning, also known as periodontal scaling and root planing, is a comprehensive dental procedure aimed at restoring the health of your gums and teeth. It's a specialized dental cleaning that goes beyond the regular cleanings you receive during your routine dental check-ups. Deep cleaning is essential to treat gum disease and the problems related such as bone and tooth loss.

Why would Deep Cleaning be needed?

Deep cleaning is recommended to treat excessive and deep tartar because it is a condition that, if not treated, may lead to gum retraction, bone disease, and teeth loss. The bacteria of the mouth may also spread to the body, especially in patients with chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiac surgeries, prosthesis, immunosuppression, and others who are more susceptible to infections. During pregnancy, these bacteria in the mouth are related to premature labor and therefore, deep cleaning is an important preventive treatment.

Who would be a candidate for Deep Cleaning?

Deep cleaning is recommended for individuals who:

  • Have been diagnosed with gum disease or are at risk of developing it.
  • Exhibit signs of gum disease, such as bleeding gums, swelling, or bad breath.
  • Have excessive tartar buildup that cannot be effectively removed through regular cleanings.
  • Are proactive about maintaining their oral health and preventing gum disease progression.

A dentist or periodontist will assess your oral health and determine whether deep cleaning is necessary in your specific case.

What happens during the Deep Cleaning procedure?

The deep cleaning procedure typically involves the following steps:

  1. Assessment: Your dentist or dental hygienist will assess the severity of your gum disease and determine which areas require deep cleaning.
  2. Scaling: Using specialized instruments, they will carefully remove the plaque and tartar buildup both above and below the gumline.
  3. Root Planing: The root surfaces of your teeth are smoothed to prevent further buildup and encourage your gums to reattach to your teeth.
  4. Irrigation: The treated areas are rinsed to remove any debris and bacteria.
  5. Medication: In some cases, antibiotics or antimicrobial agents may be applied to help control infection and promote healing.

Deep cleaning is usually performed in sections of your mouth, sometimes in more than one appointment, and will need maintenance 3 to 4 times a year until your gums become healthy. The goal is to restore the health of your gums and maintain your oral well-being.

If you're experiencing gum disease or suspect you may need deep cleaning, it's essential to schedule a consultation with a dental professional to assess your condition and create a personalized treatment plan. By addressing gum disease early through deep cleaning, you can protect your smile's health and prevent more serious dental issues.